Friedrich A. Hayek
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HayekThis book captures the frustration of classical liberals as opposed to modern liberals when they see collectivist policies enacted despite the overwhelming evidence that socialism brings about disastrous esultsHaving grown up and lived in Austria during World War I and later moving to Great Britain Hayek was particularly frustrated when he saw Britain and the United States making the same mistakes of the Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union Hayek argues that collectivism eventually leads to tyranny Central economic planning gives too much power to the government which essentially puts that power in the hands of a small group ather than in each individualMy favorite uote Democracy and socialism have nothing in common but one word euality But notice the difference while democracy seeks euality in liberty socialism seeks euality in UFO Crash at Roswell: The Genesis of a Modern Myth restraint and servitude Hayek s thesis is very pertinent today in that when the federal government does meddle too much with the free market it causes problems and then those problems ironically are seen as the failing of the free market and not the ineptitude of government I could be wrong but surely not even the greatest fans of Hayek could believe this is a particularly nuanced book The central thesis is that everyone that disagrees with Hayek is either a totalitarian or someone who is inadvertently leading society down theoad towards totalitarianism This doesn t only include Marxists and Fascists who Hayek euates as identical nor even members of the Labour party in Britain who might be considered fellow travellers but even many of the younger members of the Conservative party too You see what I mean about nuance then perhaps Not only is everyone else wrong but any differences between them are as nothing when compared with what binds them in common There literally can be no nuanceDecades later Maggie Thatcher would flung down a copy of Hayek s The Constitution of Liberty during a meeting with members of her party and yell This is what we believe It fits of course Both held that there was no alternative and that any deviation from the one true path inevitably leads to destruction and serfdom Freedom is somewhat oddly defined if there is ultimately only one available choiceThe later preference for forced choices by Peig: The Autobiography of Peig Sayers of the Great Blasket Island radical free market types is perhaps one of the most potent current criticisms of this book Wortheading in this context is William Davies The Limits of Neoliberalism particularly in Löwen wecken relation to Nudge theory As the book Nudge makes clear while it takes free market ideas very seriously it also believes that people might make better decisions if they were nudged towards them This ought to otherwise seem problematic if youeally believed what Hayek says here You see central to his thesis is that such an understanding of what is best for others isn t possible in fact it is fundamentally impossible The thing that makes capitalism and Fathers and Sons: Roads Classics radical free market capitalism in particular such a fantastic system is the fact that experts are kept away from decision about what might make the lives of others better It is hard to no think that Hayek would view these nudges as little than a further step down theoad to serfdomThere are infinitely better criticisms of this book than I m going to provide in this little eview Some of those include Never Let a Serious Crisis Go to Waste and Capitalist Realism Why I find this book particularly terrifying is that it eally has a distasteful understanding of what freedom means Freedom here is the elimination of every kind of safety net it means dog eat dog it means the war of all against each it means an almost ludicrous extreme of competition because only in this is the purity of individualism able to be assured Any estrictions on individualism is understood as inevitably leading to fascismcommunismsocial democracy all of which are seen as basically identical he literally says as much here Society is understood as a kind of information exchange where money is the chief form of data and therefore money needs to be protected from any distortion say imposed inflation since money or prices ather allow everyone in society to know which choices they should make that will best suit their needs The Hôtel étrange, l'hiver au printemps reason why any form of planning is ineffective and ultimately evil is because the whole system is so insanely complex that any form of centralised planning inevitably introduces inefficiencies to the entire system This makes the whole system worse for everyone but since the planners benefit by keeping their own jobsegardless of the poor outcomes of their plans those inefficiencies compound People then are forced to accept products they do not want and this leads to further distortions in the proper price signals within the system which then further multiplies inefficiencies And because there is no way of seeing what a efficient system would look like outside the plan the plan is still held to be the most efficient organisation of the systemRather than planning a system based on the anarchy of economic activity is the only system capable of meeting the needs of the whole of society and of producing freedom at the same time Since there is no central planner individuals are able to understand the messages contained in the highly situated contexts they live within and from within the prices of good they observe and that means they are able to act in ways that meet their needs from within those circumstances The system is self Deadly! regulating because competition ultimately leads to a situation where the people who are most efficient and best at meeting the needs of those around them are the only people who will succeed The system also can only exist on increased freedom to the extent that freedom can be euated with economic anarchy since anyestriction on this freedom will necessarily be imposed upon It From Outside By from outside by dreaded planners who we have already decided will lead us to fascist communist collectivism Any individual may end up crushed under the driving wheel of progress in fact this is inevitable and necessary for The Spirit Master risk cannot be mitigated in the system without distorting the system as a whole And since competition is the engine of progress and competition means winners and losers then the economic euivalent of Darwinian natural selection is howeveregrettable inevitableThus Hayek presents his vision splendid of unfettered free markets His expectation of course is that although some people will inevitably be crushed under foot overall most people will be better off under this system than under any other system capable of operating There are occasional nods to the benefits of democracy but it isn t at all clear how democracy can be exempt from also being seen as yet another collectivist project that undermines his adical individualism Thatcher s there is no society only individuals ings in your ears while eading This Certainly Hayek Imposes Certainly Hayek imposes limitations upon democracy democracy clearly can t place any limits on the adical free market he proposesPart of me wants to say that after four decades of living in lock step with Hayek s ideal of laissez faire capitalism and the gross ineuality that has produced and the ecological suicide we are gormlessly heading toward that perhaps some of those who yelled the loudest that Peppermint, Vol. 02 radical free market economics would lead to the promised land should be a little embarrassed now That certainly has not proven to be the case As Capitalist Realism makes all too clear the GFC only proved to his followers that Hayek s ideas were not implemented stringently enough And that is the beauty here Hayek s ideas are so over the top so utopian or dystopianather that it is impossible for them to ever be fully implemented even in Chile under a dictator and so there will always an escape clause Even after the Thatcher nightmare there was an escape clause that said if only his ideas had been consistently followed I doubt we will move on from these ideas any time soon they form a solid plank of our current eceived wisdom our axiomatic truths Those who benefit from such ideas are ich beyond imagining and they hold so much power with their wealth that it isn t in the least bit clear to me how an opposition to these views would be possible to be sustained And so we will continue to march proudly over the cliff each in turn proclaiming our freedom even as we begin our descent under the iron clad laws of gravity As someone or other much wiser than me once said it is easier to imagine the end of the world than the end of capitalism I guess therein lies Hayek s greatest legacy I tried to Haunted Lafayette, Louisiana read this several times beginning back when I almost convinced myself I might be able to understandead North Carolina Driver's Handbook respect what Republicans were thinking I m sorry to say that is over at least for now If we can lie cheat and steal our way to power what difference does it make what is justI made some notes before I gave up Putting them here in case I ever get back to this in time to challenge Paul Ryan personallyThis book has gone through so many editions it is worth noting which one iseferenced Bruce Caldwell Professor of Economics at Duke University wrote the introduction to this 2007 edition published as ever by the University of Chicago Press It is said current Speaker of the House of Representatives Paul Ryan gives out copies of this book to his staff when they begin working for him The staff must discuss the book in small groups like bible study because I guaran f ing tee you a young and busy staff in DC will not know what the heck Hayek is talking about much less apply it to the US economy in the context of the worldThe ideas in this book began as a memo to the director of the London School of Economics in the 1930s which then became a magazine article and then during WWII became a monograph of its own When it was published in the United States was it 1944 it became a surprise popular hit though hated by the intelligensiaI skimmed the book only Words like freedom are bandied about with great earnestness freedom from coercion and I can t believe we are still talking about this in 2017 No I am not going to go back and fight these arguments all over again We spent much of the twentieth century watching one insufficiently great man after another tell us they ve got our backs. A classic work in political philosophy intellectual and cultural history and economics The Road to Serfdom has inspired and infuriated politicians scholars and general Priče o malim borcima readers for half a century Originally published in England in the spring of 1944 when Eleanor Roosevelt supported the efforts of Stalin and Albert Einstein subscribed lock stock and barrel to the socialist program The Road to Serfdom was seen as heretical for its passionate warning against the dangers of state control over the means of production For F A Hayek the collectivist idea of empowering government with increasing economic control would inevitably lead not to a utopia but to the horrors of nazi Germany and fascist ItalyFirst published by the University of Chicago Press on September 18 1944 The Road to Serfdom garnered immediate attention from the public politicians and scholars alike The first printing of 2000 copies was exhausted instantly and within six months than 30000 were sold In April of 1945 Reader's Digest published a condensed version of the book and soon thereafter the Book. In the end after a lifetime of hard knocks we find that no in fact corporations took care of themselves and cared about us only insofar as we needed enough money to buy their product We discovered that corporationseally needed Cardinal Patrick O'donnell, 1856 1927 rules andegulations to do the ight thing because they defined their esponsibility narrowly than we did After all they were esponsible to shareholders not customers not citizens who give them space water energy aw materials I m tired of eplaying this argument over and over because over and over we discover that corporations don t actually do the ight thingchokengtitiktitikchokeng 20 If you have any comprehension of my philosophy at all you must know that one thing I stand for above all else is free trade throughout the world p 28 A final criticism has sometimes been called the inevitability thesis or the slippery slope argument Hayek is claimed to have said that once a society engages in a little planning it is doomed to end up in a totalitarian stateAny departure from the practice of free enterprise any joke that Wilderness: A Journal of Quiet Adventure in Alaska--Including Extensive Hitherto Unpublished Passages from the Original Journal reason and science may be applied to the direction of economic activity any attempt at economic planning must lead usemorselessly to serfdom The historical analysis upon which this book depends amounts to nothing than extremely poor scholarship masuerading as thoughtful contrarianism Hayek s conflation of Nazism with Socialism merely because they have similar names in German is an example of stupidity on the level of mistaking the PATRIOT Act for patriotism or the Ministry of Peace for peacefulness This distracting error is unfortunately the foundation of the entirety of his argument His theory of authoritarianism consists of extrapolations from misplaced assumptions about Nazi Germany and disproven projections about the direction the US Britain are heading in the post war era His uaint economic theory tells us little about contemporary authoritarian Becoming a Police Officer: An Insider's Guide to a Career in Law Enforcement regimes and even less about modern social democracy In sum don t bother Introduced by Chicago don Milty Friedman who assures us that the free market is the only mechanism that has ever been discovered for achieving participatory democracy xi Preach it Brother Milt So called collectivism had been burying purported individualism apparently in Padre Fred s 1944 analysis but was unexpectedly checked by the time of Frere Milt s semicentennial celebratory gala binge Fra Milt is pleased toeport that Father Fred was dead wrong in his predictions that collectivist statism was taking over the UK mostly because central planning was sacrificed The Knowledge Illusion: Why We Never Think Alone rather than individual liberty xiii ie parliamentary procedure kept the sky from falling but also because collectivism is mired in bureaucratic confusion and inefficiency id That latter clich is notigorously evidenced but is taken as a postulate of market fundy triumphalism Confusion is of course cipher for public due process and inefficiency the normal code for unions plus intentionally non profit Gubmint nevertheless grew and tried to Bright College Years: Inside the American Campus Today regulate bidness usually at the behest of special interest groups xiii the cryptograph for notich people Despite Hayek being 100% wrong about statist takeover Brother Milty confirms that Hayek s central insight is correct coordination of men s activities through central direction and through voluntary cooperation are oads going in very different directions the first to serfdom the second to freedom xiii xiv because medieval economics is characterized precisely by state planning and public ownership of the means of production Also NB coordination of activity centrally through a large corporation is presumably perfectly acceptable Fra Milt concludes with charm The bulk of the intellectual community almost automatically favors any expansion of governmental power so long as it is advertised as way to protect individuals from big bad corporations elieve poverty protect the environment or promote euality xv xvi NB the same topos found in objectivism which traffics in similar Catholics, Anglicans, and Puritans: Seventeenth-Century Essays rhetorics of mendacity Milt objects to the expansion of state power when the object is to protect individuals when they are to be protected from corporations manifestly not an individualist positionThis text isipe for a derridean Histoire de F�nelon, Archev�que de Cambrai, Vol. 1: Compos�e Sur Les Manuscrits Originaux (Classic Reprint) reading from the Outwork the preface to end all prefaces Dissemination considering the guest intro here the 1976 1956 1944 prefaces and author s introduction proper all preceding the text itself It s a parade of horribles 1976 preface concedes in a moment ofare candor I was myself uncomfortable about the possibility that in going beyond technical economics I might have exceeded my competence xxi Well uite Notes an euivocation At the time I wrote 1944 socialism meant unambiguously the nationalization of the means of production and the central economic planning which this made possible and necessary xxiii however socialism has come to mean chiefly the extensive Contemporary Film Theory redistribution of incomes through taxation and the institutions of the welfare state id 1976 backs away from the thesis that any movement in the direction of socialism is bound to lead to totalitarianism xxiv A concession that there is no necessary connection between socialism and totalitarianism no matter what Papa Freds thinks they mean on a given day If anyone thought that Freds meant that any step toward socialism leads to totalitarianism however we might excuse their apparently erroneous belief on the basis of the 1956 preface wherein Big Poppa admits that his audience is already against fascism and communism which he identifies as substantially identical in a standardeckless construction and that democratic socialism is a very precarious and unstable affair xxxii Tagalog English Dictionary revealing the true polemical target and associating by the bye New Deal policies with totalitarianism by implication even though hot socialism is probably a thing of the past id Notorious lets us know his ideologicaloots pretty plainly in 1956 lets us know his ideological oots pretty plainly in 1956 in Britain as elsewhere in the world the defeat of the onslaught of systematic socialism has merely given those who are anxious to preserve freedom a breathing space xliv 1944 preface affirms that his argument is derived from certain ultimate values xlv Preface does not disclose them but his lebensraum eference in 1956 clears it up for meAuthor s own original introduction opens with epigraph from Lord Acton ightwing fan favorite that Few discoveries are irritating
than those which expose the pedigree of ideas 3 With that kind ofthose which expose the pedigree of ideas 3 With
kind of easonable 100 Themes de Conversation en Francais reader can assume that the text will lay out the intellectual pedigree of socialist doctrine As it happens the text examines almost no socialist doctrine of any flavor whatsoever It does eventually get around to laying out a thesisegarding the socialist oots of Nazism 183 198 which links Marxism to Hitler through figures such as Sombart Plenge and others it s the strongest part of the text as it is at least specific but my five year old daughter could do better The entire section elies upon euivocations Pops is not content with his original definition of socialism as we have seenThe book s purpose Few are eady to ecognize that the Street-Fighting Years: An Autobiography of the Sixties rise of fascism and Nazism was not aeaction against the socialist trends of the preceding period but a necessary outcome of those tendencies 6 So the causal The Back House Ghosts relation is allegedly socialism fascism If the Acton epigraph is aimed at democratic socialistssocial democrats as per the 1956 preface then this causalelation is not much concern even if it is assumed arguendo to be true That is it s not at all irritating anyone with the pedigree of socialism to point out that fascism is its alleged evil offspring It doesn t make any sense unless Bigg Poppa is expecting us to accept a non distributio medii or affirmed conseuent fallacy Later pedigree for coercion and lack of freedom of thought is located in the French writers who laid the foundations of modern socialism 28 without Haven: A Graphic Novel reference to any particular writer or text except Saint Simon who is uoted slightly as wanting to treat disobedient persons as cattle which is not exactly an idea that arises exclusively or even in socialism cf Ottoman governance theoryEntire volumeelies on an euivocation fallacy broadly maligning socialism no matter how that term is defined as hinted by the 1976 preface The conflict between Nazis and commies is the kind of conflict that will always arise between Physical Basis of the Direction of Time, The. the Frontiers Collection. rival socialist factions 11 Doggfather is not interested yet in substantiating this puerile euivalence butather prefers to point out that German socialists have found much support in their country from certain features of the Prussian tradition and this kinship between Prussianism and socialism in which in Germany both sides gloried gives additional support to our main contention 11 Noted socialism shares a continuity with prussianism which must be a The Common Rule: Habits of Purpose for an Age of Distraction reference to Bismarck or whatever else in the deep history of Germania that the Doggfather wishes us to infer with neoliberal psychic powerzBegins the argument proper with the contention that we are unwilling to consider the crisis as theesult of a genuine error on our part and that the pursuit of some of our most cherished ideals has apparently produced My Honorable Brother: A Thriller results utterly different from those which we expected 14 We should therefore not forget that this conflict has grown out of a struggle of ideas within what not so long ago was a common European civilization and that the tendencies which have culminated in the creation of the totalitarian systems were not confined to the countries which have succumbed to them id This is a curious admission for Atomic Dogg to make The current crisis WW2 surely but perhaps is theesult of most cherished ideals and grew out of the common civilization of which prussianism seems to have been a part No problem It s not like extraterrestrials started the war or zombies took over objectivism s position on zombies socialism notwithstanding If all that is true then why dogmatically state that everyone is unaware of not merely the magnitude of the changes which have taken place during the last generation but the fact that they mean a complete change in the direction of the evolution of our ideas and social order 15 16 I suppose our ideas are not the same as our most cherished ideals then Apparently all of the evil altruists sorr. Of the Month Club distributed this condensation to than 600000 eaders A perennial best seller the book has sold over a uarter of a million copies in the United States not including the British edition or the nearly twenty translations into such languages as German French Dutch Swedish and Japanese and not to mention the many underground editions produced in Eastern Europe before the fall of the iron curtainAfter thirty two printings in the United States The Road to Serfdom has established itself alongside the works of Alexis de Tocueville John Stuart Mill and George Orwell for its timeless meditation on the elation between individual liberty and government authority This fiftieth anniversary edition with a new introduction by Milton Friedman commemorates the enduring influence of The Road to Serfdom on the ever changing political and social climates of the twentieth century from the Impaired: A Nurse's Story of Addiction rise of socialism after World War II to the Reagan and Thatcherevolutions in the 1980s and the transitions in Eastern Europe from communism to capitalism in the 1990sF A Hayek. ,that kind of
Y hard not conflate this with Ayn Rand have progressively abandoned that freedom in economic affairs without which personal and political freedom has never existed 16 This last point is dogmatically stated throughout the text and never evidenced with any The Forever Court (Knights of the Borrowed Dark rigor Never mind the fact that it all grew out of civilization or progressively developed we are solemnly informed of How sharp a break not only with theecent past but with the whole evolution of Western civilization the modern trend toward socialism 16 which is something that must be measured by eference to the longer historical perspective back to the Bible and the bloody Romans which are held up as exemplars of individualism along side Montaigne Erasmus Pericles and Thukydides Heh yeah So never mind that you just said ight before this that the crisis grew out of European civilization progressively developed is Ola Shakes It Up rooted in prussianism now it s some sort of epistemic break from the entire tradition of the West As an aside is anyone actually persuaded by argumentum ad antiuitatem Confirmed thereafter in his concern to show how completely though gradually and by almost imperceptible steps our attitude toward society has changed 24 NB the steps aren t shown Mmkay Revise andesubmit when you get your story straight P FunkNot only is Stalinism worse than fascism 31 but marxism led to fascism 32 fascism is the stage eached after communism fails id and all the fascist leaders began as socialists id Fascists and communists are the same compete with each other for the same personnel and hate each other as heretics 34 Socialism transitioned to fascism so easily because they are so closely elated 35 And so on It s a mess and it s thoroughly mendacious That last point for instance is simply manifestly erroneous at which point did a state with socialism as Big Poppa defined it in 1944 state ownership of the means of production with central planning 37 a mere 3 pages later exist and then transition to fascism The answer was never in 1944 and Einatmen, Ausatmen remains never now The errors are so coarse the confusions so gross that it can only be intentional misrepresentation as no one is this stupid Cites de Tocueville for the proposition that democracy and socialism have only euality in common while democracy seeks euality in liberty socialism seeks euality inestraint and servitude 29 which is offered as self evident fact without any substantiation whatsoever Eventually throws this proposition under the bus however as democracy is not very interesting to Thug Life except as a truncheon to beat leftists We see this not only in the prefatory emarks egarding social democrats but also in the inane expansion of the target from socialism to collectivism which includes liberals as understood in the US 39 Collectivism is defined childishly as marked by central planning 39 which planning is to be opposed because inefficiency 41 but also because it is impossible to assume control over all the productive Lightfoot the Historian: The Nature and Role of History in the Life and Thought of J.B. Lightfoot (1828-1884) as Churchman and Scholar resources without also deciding for whom and by whom they are to be used 46 Gang Starr heads all the way down this slippery slope with And whoever has sole control of the means must also determine which ends are to be served 101 Both of these objections are unevidenced by Doggfather principally because they are completely false but even were they true Pops is too indolent to think through the details of the argument preferring to sweep grandly and generally all manner of facts and whatnot under the newly whitewashedugIndividualism is this ecognition of the individual as the ultimate judge of his ends the belief that as far as possible his own views ought to govern his actions 66 Individuals should be allowed within defined limits to follow their own values and preferences ather than someone else s that within these spheres the individual s system of ends should be supreme and not subject to any dictation by others id This is a uaint kindergarten notion a solipsism that is thoroughly depoliticized ahistorical a fantasia Any market participant should know that an individual is unable to dictate terms to the market for as you just fucking said the market enables entrepreneurs to adjust their activities to their fellows the price system will fulfill this function only if competition prevails that is if the individual producer has to adapt himself to price changes and cannot control them 56 emphasis added The economic participant is always already governed by the external Big Poppa is not interested in this implosion of course but it dicks up the primary basis for his preference for private property He shrugs away the obvious objection in canards such as how in the market system no person s view about what is ight and desirable overrules that of others 113 ORLYTotal obfuscation in comments such as German anti Semitism and anti capitalism spring from the same oot 154 which is as apodictically false as can be We also see that no clich is left undefecated in a movement like that of National Socialism or communism can probably be compared only to those of the great Dahmer Detective: The Interrogation and Investigation That Shocked The World religious movements 164Our antenna should alert on unevidenced proclamations that those with authority for an economic plan will inevitably impose their scale of preferences on the community for which they plan 73 It is outrageous in its hubris in its cynicism but also in its hypocrisy for which capitalist allows notice comment on corporate policy Delegation of economic authority to a public planning board willesult in arbitrary decisions 74 leading to the completely candid confession that Democracy is essentially a means a utilitarian device for safeguarding internal peace and individual freedom and is by no means infallible or certain
for there has often been much cultural and spiritual freedom under an autocratic ule than under some democraciesthere has often been much cultural and spiritual freedom under an autocratic ule than under some democracies And out with it A true dictatorship of the proletariat even if democratic in form if it undertook centrally to direct the economic system would probably destroy personal freedom as completely as any autocracy 78 79 This contempt for democratic polity is evealed in Bigg Poppa s legal illiteracy like Rand he has no law and accordingly errs in his discussions of it such as when he suggests that the ule of law stripped of all technicalities means that government in all its actions is bound by The Scruffy Drunk: The Wife in Space, Volume 2 rules fixed and announced beforehandules which make it possible to foresee with fair certainty how The Authority Will Use Its Coercive Powers authority will use its coercive powers emphasis added Any
reference to technicalities egarding the law should disualifyto technicalities egarding the law should disualify utterance and probably the utterer because law is technicality His notion that everything should be known beforehand is also manifestly erroneous plenty in law applies Deathless retroactivelyReader can thus only laugh when Biggy Freds suggests that central planners will not want to be fettered by democratic procedure 97 Didn t you just tell us that democratic procedure doesn t matter and what matters is private property Ultimately the individualist position here as found in Rand s objectivism is profoundly illiberaletaining only a preference for markets and private property both Rand and Pops will not be completely committed to markets of course and will allow differing degrees of monopolization This makes the argument here structurally identical to fascism and therein lies the principal stupidity of Pops argument he had defined socialism as central planning over state ownership of the means of production Fascism however never got to either prong of that definition Fascism did have anti liberal components egarding liberalism as too much too soon fascism attempts to arrest history to turn back the clock Whereas the fascists would undo liberalism s egalitarianism while etaining property and markets the socialist proper position is that liberalism is not enough too late This set of basic distinctions is manifest in the most basic writings on the subject cf Paxton s Anatomy of Fascism Griffin s Modernism and Fascism Lemkin s Axis Rule in Occupied Europe Neumann s Behemoth Pops doesn t care about any of that Pops only cares about propertyIt s a sad commentary on the world that this one of the worst books ever written is also considered one of the most important It s actually embarrassingly bad especially in its most famous bits such as the dogmatic assertion that the price system under competition is an apparatus of egistration which automatically ecords all the The Third Lynx (Quadrail, relevant effects of individual actions and whose indications are at the same time theesultant of and the guide for all the individual decisions 55 this argument simply Mixed Doubles removes the mystery one step and then is without declared efficient and just This automatic coordination is graceful whereas central planning is incredibly clumsy primitive and limited in scope id nevermind that the alleged efficiency in the market mechanism is based precisely on pricing participants out of the market which may not matter for irrational luxury goods but when itesults in market starvation or market famines as in Victorian India or Ireland or during the general crisis of the 30s that s a bit different Automatic coordination is deprivation and death but because it s papered over with woad warrior FREDUM1 it s the fault of the deprived or the decedent who obviously wasted their freedomI have only commented on the lowest of the low points The lowest point probably is the crude suggestion that one of the surprising features of the political emigration from Germany is the comparatively small number of Julio Bunny and the Foreign Lion (Free Audio Book Inside): --- Easter Book Collection For Kids refugees from the Left who are not Jews in the German sense 203 This is deception beyond measure as the German left had been destroyed just after WWI and then again by the NSDAP in the 30s the suggestion here is accordingly outrageous and the suggester scum of the earth considering that the surviving leftists in germania during WWII were sweating it out in concentration camps or acting as part of the armedesistance So fuck you Pops and fuck Brother Milt and fuck Ayn Rand just becauseRecommended for Von Dr. Jakobsen bestraft - SM Krimi (Teil 3) readers who experience the horror inspired by the idea of everything being directed from a single center persons who claim as a virtue that under one system we shall know less and those who believe that it is not difficult to deprive the great majority of independent thought. 1899 1992ecipient of the Medal of Freedom in 1991 and co winner of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics in 1974 was a pioneer in monetary theory and the principal proponent of libertarianism in the twentieth centuryOn the first American edition of The Road to SerfdomOne of the most important books of our generation It Raja Smurf (Smurf, restates for our time the issue between liberty and authority with the power andigor of Zwanzig Männer sind genug reasoning with which John Stuart Mill stated the issue for his own generation in his great essay On Liberty It is an arresting call to all well intentioned planners and socialists to all those who are sincere democrats and liberals at heart to stop look and listen Henry Hazlitt New York Times Book Review September 1944In the negative part of Professor Hayek's thesis there is a great deal of truth It cannot be said too often at anyate it is not being said nearly often enough that collectivism is not inherently democratic but on the contrary gives to a tyrannical minority such powers as the Spanish Inuisitors never dreamt of George Orwell Collected Essa.