[E–book/E–pub] (Countrymen)

Countrymen

Bo Lidegaard ´ 4 Free ead

A history of Denmark s The Light Between Oceans responses to anti Semitic sentiment and the German occupation from the 1930s through the direct aftermath of the end of WWII In 1940 Germany assaulted Denmark by land sea and air landing troops simultaneously in fifteen different locations including the middle of Copenhagen The German minister to Denmark then handed the Danish government the terms and conditions by which Denmark would surrender to occupation by Germany Ineturn for the products of Danish agriculture and industry and being a model of how occupation by Germany was peaceful and preferable Denmark would not be obliterated and instead be allowed a certain degree of sovereignty This tense but largely peaceful situation was brought to a close in the summer of 1943 when a wave of strikes sabotage and civil iots caused the Germans to issue an ultimatum introduce martial law and the death penalty The Danish government efused and all elected politicians submitted their The Velveteen Rabbit resignation meaning that there was no Dane with a mandate from the electorate to head a new government The Germans imposed martial law in Denmark inesponse the Danish navy scuttled the vast majority of their fleet so it could not be used by the Germans All this sounds stirring but it had one hugely negative aspect it meant the Danish had already played their hand and no longer had anything to threaten Germany with in exchange for leaving the Danish Jews alone Reich plenipotentiary Werner Best issued a telegram to Hitler in September 8 1943 saying he was going to implement a Hitler and the Nazi Darwinian Worldview: How the Nazi Eugenic Crusade for a Superior Race Caused the Greatest Holocaust in World History resolution of the Jewishissue in Denmark Then he spent the next few weeks avoiding or lying to every Danish person he spoke to assuring them that no anti Jewish action was in the works On October 1 1943 German soldiers swept Denmark looking for people they thought were Jewish Many had already escaped to Sweden the two countries are very geographically close and Sweden publicly announced they d welcome them or were hidden by their fellow countrymen Even Danish police officersan interference for the efugees turning a blind eye lying to German officers and warning those in hiding of imminent aids As a esult the majority though sadly not all of identified Jewish people in Denmark escaped arrestThe conclusion of this book summarizes what happened to various prominent figures after the war ended like the Jewish Danes whose diaries provided substance for this book or the German and Danish higher ups It seems like none of the German officers were punished with much than a few years in jail at maximum which is very upsetting The Jewish efugees The Rebel of Rangoon: A Tale of Defiance and Deliverance in Burma returned to Denmark to find that their homes and businesses had been largely left untouched their valuables kept in safe keeping for theireturn One became the second secretary general of the United Nations Another beueathed Marienberg to the Danish government which has ever after served as the official Blutrote Schwestern residence of the Danish prim minister And theesistance to the arrest of Jewish Danes helped the Tuin reputation of Denmark in the post war worldLidegaard s basic thesis which others have theorized as well is that the national full throated openejection of the Nazi s claims that Jews were a separate Vigilance: A Heroics Novel (Heroics, race not Danish or any kind of problem was the saving force for Jewish Danes Resistance based on unwavering principle actually worked And as Lidegaard says By completelyejecting the ideas that excluded the Jews from the national us Denmark deprived the Nazis of the fig leaf they needed to justify discrimination and legitimize the deedAll fascinating But this was not a fascinating book I don t know if it was a translation issue or what but I found this very dry and difficult to maintain interest in Although ostensibly organized by time which each chapter constituting another day in practice the narrative goes off on long tangents about this figure s political backstory or this person s business practices The majority of the book is made up of Lidegaard explaining a diary entry of a Jewish efugee to us then the diary entry itself then his paraphrasing the diary entry Over and over And since almost all the diaries he draws on are from a single family they all cover the same ground and the exact same events It felt epetitive This was particularly frustrating because apparently there were strikes sabotages of Danish industry and the German occupying forces Dragons In Chains resistance groups organized etc but we don t get get any details whatsoever about any of that I wanted this to cover the actual Danishesistance but it absolutely doesn t So all of Lidegaard s high minded conclusions about the importance of the Danish people s The Gordian Knot Vol. 4 responses to the German occupation and demandsing a little hollow because nothing in the book The Longevity Solution: Rediscovering Centuries-Old Secrets to a Healthy, Long Life related to that The maineason I picked this book up was to discern why certain countries or societies eject Otherizing and creating scapegoats and why others don t and a hope that I could find certain strategies for helping my fellows who have already been Otherized Nothing in here would help with that This isn t Lidegaard s fault he had a different story and message to tell but it did mean this book was even less satisfying to me an amazing story of how Denmark saved its Jews from Nazi Germany Among all of the nations of Europe that were conuered by Nazi Germany in World War II Denmark stands alone by Nazi Germany in World War II Denmark stands alone protecting its Jewish population In 1943 When The 1943 when the his ministers and the parliament of Denmark understood that Nazi Germany was coming to ensnare their Jewish population and send them to concentration and death camps they simply said No While the government used its limited powers to confound and confuse its enemy in Berlin the warning went out to Jews that a catastrophe was at hand This warning enabled most Danish Jews to find a place to hide or to escape to neutral or Allied nations At the same time the Danish government made it clear to Nazi Germany that no one would aid them in capturing innocent Jews Over 14 days Danish citizens found ways to hide and protect Jews destined to be exterminated Out of a population of about 7000 Danish Jews a shocking 6500 managed to escape primarily to Sweden via a clandestine flotilla of fishing boats and naval crafts of all kinds This exodus has been known for decades But this is the first time that all facets of the miraculous escape have been systematically collected and made public Based on the family diaries of several Danish Jewish families these amazing accounts of heroism have finally been made available This volume proffers the heart stopping escapes of many Jewish families fleeing local police the Wehrmacht and the Gestapo These stories of moral fortitude and astonishing courage bring to light the magnitude of tolerance in Denmark and their willingness to isk their own lives in fighting Nazi Germany From September 26 until October 9 1943 Nazi Germany initiated a capture of all Danish Jews After a slow start during which there was some confusion about who was a full Jew half Jew one uarter Jew and so on the Gestapo soon engaged in a widespread collection of every Jew and potential Jew in Denmark Germany enlisted the assistance of Danish police which soon turned into a farce as Danes Narratives of Human Evolution refused Sweden next door to Denmarkemained neutral in World War II As overland escape Understanding Autism in Adults and Aging Adults: Improving Diagnosis and Quality of Life routes from Denmark into Sweden were virtually nonexistent the bulk of Jewishefugees had to escape via the ocean Thousands of boats from large cargo ships to fishing trawlers to Report on Radiation and the Quantum-Theory, 1914 rowboats anything that floated served as vehicles for escape The captains owners and crew of these shipsisked their own lives to aid Danish Jews Helpless in the face of capture and probable death Jewish Danes gradually accepted their fate and made plans to leave their only means of escape boats and ships controlled by gentile Danes Leaving their homes property businesses schools and friends behind Jews sought escape in every city town and village with a harbor or boats They hid in freezing forests barns attics and tunnels along the way Some like the family of Anne Frank decided to Lioness remain in hiding in cities Most of them were found incarcerated in concentration camps and eventually died from starvation and disease were gassed in death camps or were shot by the Gestapo on the spot The Danishesistance was unprepared to organize a massive What Do Grown-ups Do All Day? relief operation uickly enough to save their Jewish neighbors There was no organizationeady to help move Jews to safety in Sweden Instead Jews were saved as a Non Censure result of spontaneous ingenuity and bravery Danes stood by their Jewish friends and co patriots even at theisk of their own lives Those who aided Jews came from all walks of life and all professions Hospitals became collection centers for Jews Underground newspapers gave people hope and provided clandestine escape instructions Students contributed all levels of assistance as did doctors Escape outes were swiftly created manned and executed Danish Jews were bound together like slaves of a different time processed onto ships and boats and. Amid the dark ghastly history of World *War II The Literally Extraordinary Story Never Before Fully Researched *II the literally extraordinary story never before fully esearched a historian of how the Danish people banded together to save their fellow Jews from the Nazis told through the Hope and Glory remarkable unpublished diaries and documents of families forced toun for safety leaving their homes and possessions behind and of those who courageously came to their aid In 1943 with its king and administration weakened but intact during the Nazi occupation Denmark did something that no other country in Western Europe even attempted Anticipating that the German occupying powers would soon issue the long feared order to ound up the entire population of Jews for deportation to concentration camps the Danish peop. Sent off to freedom Almost all of them slipped away from Nazi hands The heart of this story lies in the diaries of Jewish efugees who Hysterie recorded every aspect of their escape In heart throbbing anecdotes we flee from the Gestapo with them step by step We shudder with them in darkain soaked forests and in the freezing ocean when they had to abandon boats and we tremble with them when they are just a few feet away from captureThousands of Jewish families slipped into the night with aged grandparents and crying infants This included the infirm Most would not have escaped without help The author includes many detailed historical narratives These provide the backbone for our understanding of the Nazi Final Solution to the Jewish uestion There are also many detailed chapters that provide for the political underpinning of wartime Denmark And while such detail is at times necessary it also slows the story to a crawl in some instances Clearly the exciting and Der Flügel des Engels : Autobiogr., Selbstzeugnisse, Briefe an Jack Kerouac rewarding moments occur when weead the diaries of Jews who escaped Eually exciting are passages that eveal the fear and isk that Danes accepted Less narrative where possible and anecdotal passages might also have educed the book from 430 pages down to a manageable 300 Bo Lidegaard is a talented and evocative writer This book has consistent flow and maintains interest even with the extensive narrative His use of dialogue and dialect is appropriate and accurate MrLidegaard is eually adroit explaining the angst of Danes who isked their lives to help Jews We sense their anxiety but also their pride and courage Moreover it is clear throughout that citizens Love and Its Place in Nature: A Philosophical Interpretation of Freudian Psychoanalysis risked their lives not only to save Jews but also to protect the Danish concepts of euality tolerance and social justice truly an amazing story of how Denmark saved its Jews from Nazi Germany See at Charles S Weinblatt was born in Toledo Ohio in 1952 He is aetired university administrator Mr Weinblatt is the author of published fiction and nonfiction His biography appears in the Maruis Who s Who in America Who s Who in American Education and Wikipedia See at Thoroughly Special Agent Francesca researched and detailed but tedious andepetitiveIt was worth Triskell Tales: Twenty-Two Years of Chapbooks reading because it told of aemarkable people whose social values and unity made it difficult for the Nazis to persecute the Danish Jews Even when it became inevitable and all the Jews were to be Across the Wide and Lonesome Prairie rounded up in a one nightaid most of them were warned and were hidden in the homes of their non Jewish friends and neighbors They were moved at great Mein wildes Geheimnis 03 risk to ports to escape to Sweden which welcomed them Even those who were caught and sent to a concentration camp in Scandinavia were treated much better than in other camps and most of them survived the warWhy couldn t the Nazis mistreat the Jews Because theyealized that they needed public support In other nations anti Semitism led to co operation by the citizens Denmark perhaps because it is such a small nation and has of a sense of community than perhaps the US or Canada did not differentiate people by ace or belief The Danes ealized that what could be done to Danish Jews could be done to any of themWhen Danish Jews fled by boat in the 10 day period in October the government took over protection of their assets until the Jews eturned a lesson that could have been learned by the US during the internment of Japanese Americans Returning Jews found their businesses functioning or easily esumed their homes unharmed and maintained and a generous payment by the Danish government for their lossesSweden was The Worst Weather on Earth: A History of Mount Washington Observatory remarkable in its treatment of them accepting all Danish Jews until the end of the war and paying their expenses Denmark owed them millions for the care of their citizens Sweden would not accept payment At the same time Canadian and US governments wereefusing entry even to Jewish children unaccompanied by their parentsThe book however does show how little the Danish Jews suffered during their escape a maximum of 10 days with food and protection from strangers not the cattle car transportation to concentration camps without food water warmth medical care or sleep then being well looked after in Sweden not in detention centers or A London Home in the 1890s refugee camps but in pleasant accommodation with their needs met It is the one part of the book that was depressing yes they left their homes suddenly and unexpectedly they had up to 10 days of difficult circumstances for some a horrible but short sea voyage and then 2 years in a foreign country but they did not suffer like so many others under Naziule Of course it is easy to see this now when they were going through these experiences few people had any idea of the horror that awaited most JewsBut we need to keep in mind that if the Danish government and Danish people had not protected their social values so steadfastly then the Danish Jews would have been through the same horrors as Jews elsewhereThe book is worth eading as a study of the subtle political and cultural influences that can undermine or build up a nation We
Can Learn Much From 
learn much from experience Here in time for the 70th anniversary of the escue in October 1943 of Denmark s Jewish Biopower: Foucault and Beyond residents from the Holocaust It seems to be the first full Danish account of the event using newesearch notably the diaries by people who took part in the event It s not the first work focused on this escue Leni Yahil s 1967 work The Rescue of Danish Jewry Test of a Democracy which Mr Lidegaard cites came first Nonetheless Bo Lidegaard has given us a full account of the attempted German "ROUNDUP THE EXTRAORDINARY MOBILIZATION OF THE "the extraordinary mobilization of the to emove the Jews to Sweden and the continuing Danish effort to find the few Jews who fell into the netThe book has many Is That Even a Country, Sir! revelations the not so passiveesistance by the Danish government and King from the occupation in April 1940 onward the studied indifference the blind eye by most Danish and German police as the efugees fled the surprising diffidence by key SS figures notably Werner Best their *Chief In Denmark The Danish *in Denmark the Danish which seems not to have been Samaritan kindness to strangers but straightforwardIt is this mindset that is key to this story and perhaps first told in this book in full The Danish government and people Mr Lidegaard tells us had made up its mind well before the war that Jewish Danes were Danish citizens members of the community Danes perceived a threat to them as a threat to the whole community and it is striking how little central organizing the escue needed Safe houses in country farms gathering points in seaside vacation villages and fishing boats waiting to take the people to Sweden all seemed to spring from this mindset It s a greater lesson in the Holocaust that the Germans seemed perplexed even hesitant in the face of this national single mindedness The Prince rare in occupied Europe but seamless in this one little country German attempts to stigmatize the Jews here as an other attempts to stigmatize them failed to separate these people from their countrymen as it did elsewhere in Europe The Danish mindset we learn seemed to intimidate even EichmannWe learn about theole that Sweden played in the A Bold Carnivore: An Alphabet of Predators rescue and sheltering of the 6000 or so Danes almost the whole Jewish population of Denmark We learn of the continued demands by the Danish government and Kingegarding the few Jews taken by the SS and how the controversy saved most of them even in German handsIt s a Goodbye Sarajevo: A True Story of Courage, Love and Survival remarkable chapter in Among many leftist Americans there is an understandableeluctance to think that citizenship is a useful way to think about our identity because even since the passage of the 14th Amendment citizenship hasn t done much for many citizens And if the Lifting rights of citizens don t mean anything what good is the idea There is a version of this argument in academic circles essentially to the effect that all anyone in power ever wants is to extend that power so eg the Bill of Rights itself is suspect the First Amendment for instance could only ever allow those who already enjoy privilege to disseminate their message etc etc Aside from beingeductive this is na ve as it posits the existence of political actors Mathruhridayam read human beings who operate with unmixed motivesAside from the naivete of the model it is counterproductive A national identity that is bound up in commitment to democratic ideals even when those ideals are aspirational thaneal is worthy even if we ve failed time and again Lidegaard s book shows this to be trueThe comparison is inapt in that at the beginning WWII the Danes did not have a modern history of oppression and internecine strife Indeed Lidegaard paints a portrait of Denmark whose modern history was essentially unknown to me when I started eading that eminded me of the line from The Third Man about Switzerland In Italy for 30 years under the Borgias they had warfare terror murder and bloodshed but they produced Michelangelo Leonardo da Vinci and the Renaissance In Switzerland they had brotherly love they had 500 years of democracy and peace and what did that produce The cuckoo clock. Le stood up in defiance and A Life In School: What The Teacher Learned resisted The king politicians and ordinary civilians were united in theiresponse these threatened people were not simply Jews but fellow Danes who happened to be Jewish and no one would help in ounding them up for confinement and deportation   While diplomats used their limited but very eal power to maneuver and impede matters in both Copenhagen and Berlin the warning that the crisis was at hand uickly spread through the Jewish community Over fourteen harrowing days as they were helped hidden and protected by ordinary people who spontaneously The House That Had Enough rushed to save their fellow citizens an incredible 7742 out of 8200 Jewishefugees were smuggled out all along the coast on ships schooners fishing boats anythi. .

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But in Denmark a few centuries of The March Up: Taking Baghdad with the 1st Marine Division reform and stability produced something finer than the Sistine Chapel a moral conviction that Danish identity meant a commitment to democracy and law This commitment was according the Lidegaard what made it possible for Danish Jews flee to Sweden when on October 1 1943 Hitler ordered the arrest and deportation of the Jewish population of Nazi occupied Denmark Lidegaard follows a few familieselated to one another in their frightening journey to and across the sea to Sweden Lidegaard explains the terror and the minor inconveniences of the journey in a vivid manner even someone fleeing for her life is allowed to be put off when seasick children are vomiting all over or she is hungry I appreciated the way the banal is interwoven into the larger narrative This is a story Pimpinella Meerprinzessin 1: Ankunft im Muschelschloss (German Edition) rife with heroesOne could object that what happened in Denmarkeuired not an ideal of citizenship so much as basic human decency I agree that human decency would dictate the same thing but I think that Lidegaard shows that the commitment to an idea of what Danish citizenship meant made concerted effort possible not least because it made shirking duty to one another unthinkableWhether you subscribe to Lidegaard s the thesis or not the story is gripping It also made me think differently about what collaboration meant in Denmark where the uneasy accommodation of the Third Reich almost certainly saved thousands of lives This was a great book about a little known part of World War II history Using the writings of a specific Jewish family the author vividly describes the escape from Nazi occupied Denmark across the waters to neutral Sweden Also the stories of the brave Danes who helped the Jews escape and those of the Nazi officials in Denmark are also toldOverall a great Das kurze Leben der Sophie Scholl read Countrymen covers an important story the evacuation of Danish Jews during WWII After a swift Nazi invasion and uick Danish capitulation in early 1940 Denmark was largely left with limited Nazi oversight for the first three years In fact there were only eighty Nazi and Wermacht administrators in Denmark as opposed to than 20000 in Vichy France By late 1943 Danish officials were already aware of the genocide being perpetrated against the Jews by the Nazis in Poland and elsewhere The Danish constitution with its explicit support of eualights for minorities was ingrained in most of the Danish populace and the officials and citizens were staunchly against any Défendre Jacob roundup In Copenhagen Nazi officials up to that point had been very careful not to upset the Danish populace on the issue of anti semitism However Himmler and Hitler had grown impatient with delays to their Final Solution and aoundup was planned for October 1 1943 Ships were secured for captured Jews and their transportation to Germany and on to the concentration camps Werner Best and his assistant George Duckwitz were the senior Nazi officials in charge in Denmark There is evidence that both men surreptitiously alerted Danish leaders in advance of the Darfur's Sorrow: A History of Destruction and Genocide raid Most of the Jewish community went into hiding hours before theaid and some were already being smuggled across the channel to Sweden in fishing boats As a Black Gold in North Dakota result only 200 Jews were captured and deported to concentration camps in Czechoslovakia The story here is sad but most of the focus was on how the others escaped While the motives behind the warning are not entirely clear it is thought in Best s case he did so because it made hiselationship manageable with the Danes and could prevent an uprising He had some latitude here in his eport to Himmler by blaming the lack of success on the Wermarcht and he could explain to Danish officials that it was Hitler s directive In the case of Duckwitz who was clearly anti Semitic he was concerned about potential etaliation against Nazi officials like himself after the war ended There was also some apathy on the part of the Wermacht in Denmark although the Nestle Toll House Recipe Collection reasons were not explored 35 stars I learned a lot about this intriguing period in October 1943 when almost all the 6000 Jewish Danes and stateless Jews in Denmark were evacuated safely to Sweden However the stories were much drier than they should have been largely lacking a personal connection The author might have benefited fromesearch to bring in of a human element to the stories I would have liked to know what happened to the families and subseuent generations after the war There are not too many books about the Holocaust that help estore the eader s faith in humanity but this falls within that category uite apart from that this is an excellent Wicked City: The Other Side read both as a history and as a dramatic storyDenmark had a or less uniueelationship with Nazi Germany during WW2 The King and the Government decided not to Officer, Surgeon…Gentleman! resist the German invasion in 1940 in exchange for guarantees that Denmark would continue to manage its internal affairs maintain its democracy andemain neutral in the WAR EFFECTIVELY THE DANES CHOSE TO Effectively the Danes chose to occupation and a limited level of cooperation with the Nazis as opposed to a heroic but futile defence that would have cost many lives and Barefoot through Mauretania resulted in full blown Naziule It was an understandable decision but one that that led to the charge of collaboration being levelled against the Danes The choice became difficult to justify year by year as the Nazis gradually increased the pressure and encroached and on the 1940 agreement The above context is important as the Danish government had decided early on in the occupation that the status of Danish Jews was a deal breaker in terms of continued cooperation with the Nazis *AND THAT THEY COULD NOT ACCEPT DANISH CITIZENS BEING *that they could not accept Danish citizens being to arbitrary arrest and deportation simply because of their ancestry On a point of principle the Danes Dude, You're a Fag: Masculinity and Sexuality in High School refused to comply with Nazi demands to compile lists of Danish Jews and the author highlights how thisefusal to even start down the Eldest road of categorising Jews as something other was vital in determining how the populationeacted when the Nazis began their actionThe Nazis decided to arrest and deport the Danish Jews in the autumn of 1943 Sadly than 400 were arrested and deported mainly to Theresienstadt but than 7000 escaped to Sweden with the assistance of large numbers of ordinary Danes A variety of factors played a part Danish officials were tipped off about the aids by high anking Nazi officials for the most part the Germans made only half hearted attempts to capture fleeing Jews the Jewish population of Denmark was small neutral Sweden was only a few miles across the esund and the Swedes opened their borders to the efugees but the most important factor was that the vast majority of the Danish population who encountered Jews trying to escape saw it as their moral duty to provide assistance The author provides a thoughtful Discussion On The Reasons For All Of on the easons for all of above as well as a balanced assessment of the merits of the policy of cooperationThe book also contains vivid first hand testimony from some of those involved conveying some of their fear and discomfort as well as the total confusion of law abiding citizens who had no idea of how to get themselves smuggled across a border Some of those who escaped were so law abiding they made arrangements to pay their ent and bills before they left even their taxesI would ecommend this to anyone interested in the Holocaust The author discusses why it was that across Europe the extermination of Jews was complete in some countries than in others I would certainly say that anyone who is Danish or Swedish will feel better about their countries after eading this I had long heard the myth about King Christian not bowing to the Germans Spring Cleaning (Virago Poetry) regarding identifying the Danish Jews Little did I know theeal truth This is an amazing story of ordinary people stepping up to the plate and no matter the conseuence to themselves doing the Classic Sunil Gangopadhyay right thing That a nation of people wouldespond with such dignity The Unemployed Guy's Guide to Unemployment respect and humanity without aeal organized base is amazing That Sweden would also The Patriots Club respond with openness and humanity made it possible Some of philosophical comments at the endeuire pondering Would this have been possible in a different country We just don t know The other uestion I always ask myself is What would I do in this situation I freuently find myself A Brief History of Imbecility: Poetry and Prose of Takamura Kōtarō realizing my character would have been wanting I thank Bo Lidegaard and the families who shared their memoirs for sharing this story with the world In the history of Nazi Germany s persecution of the Jews there aren t many happy stories Usually the best we can manage is a family hidden in the attic or an individual who slipped away But the case of Denmark where 7000 Danes were Jewish stands out even if it doesn t start very promisinglyWhen Germany attacked in April 1940 Denmark s leaders didn t believe the country was strong enough toesist Instead of putting up a fight Denmark became an occupied country that still Border War: Fighting Over Slavery Before the Civil War retained some semblance of self government a situation most Danes found humiliating And given Germany secor. Ng that floated to Sweden While the bare facts of this exodus have been known for decades astonishingly no full history of it has been written Unfolding on a day to day basis Countrymen brings together accounts written by individuals and officials as events happened offering a comprehensive overview that underlines occupied Denmark’s historical importance to Hitler as a prop for the model Nazi state and evealing the savage conflict among top Nazi brass for control of the country This is a story of ordinary glory of simple courage and moral fortitude that shines out in the midst of the terrible history of the twentieth century and demonstrates how it was possible for a small and fragile democracy to stand against the Third Reich . .